Diabetes can be limited, however, by careful attention to proper diet and physical activity. Often, however, you may have early stages of diabetes (insulin resistance or glucose intolerance) and some of the diabetic complications without the full presentation of the disease until later. These same diet and activity modifications can be very beneficial.
- Proper Diet: This includes limiting simple sugars (such as candies, cakes, cookies and even ice cream) and focusing on higher nutrient foods. It also includes eating more regularly. Skipping meals, especially breakfast, leads to greater spikes of blood sugars when food is eaten. Eating only 3 times a day (breakfast, lunch and dinner) also has large peaks and troughs (low points). It is therefore recommended that high nutrient meals be eaten 4-5 times per day and consist of smaller quantities. Liquids, especially water, should be included in this regimine
- Physical Activity: Exercise has long been advocated to reduce symptoms of diabetes and has been shown to improve blood sugar control without anything else. This is also true for limiting the presentation of diabetes.
I know these recommendations are an important part of my personal daily routine to reduce any chance I may have of developing diabetes (since I do have a family history of this disease).